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School can ban dreadlocks, Jamaica’s high court rules

By Kate Chappell
The Washington Post
KINGSTON, Jamaica — Jamaica’s high court ruled Friday that a school was within its rights to demand that a girl cut her dreadlocks to attend classes, a surprise decision that touched on issues of identity and one the most recognizable symbols of the island’s Rastafarian culture.

The ruling by the Supreme Court of Jamaica capped a two-year battle after the girl — then 5 years old — was told she must cut her dreadlocks for “hygiene” reasons to study at Kensington Primary School in a Kingston suburb.

A rights group, Jamaicans for Justice, had initially lent support to the family, saying the order for the girl to cut her dreadlocks amounted a denial of her freedom of expression and her access to education.

Others viewed the court battle as a stand against rules seen as discrimination against people who wear “natural” hair, including Rastafarians whose dreadlocks are part of their religious tradition.

The girl and her parents, Dale and Sherine Virgo, who both wear dreadlocks, plan to appeal, said their lawyer, Isat Buchanan.

“I will not be cutting my daughter’s hair,” Sherine Virgo said immediately after the ruling. “If they give me that ultimatum again, I will be moving her.”

Virgo’s daughter — now 7 years old and identified in court papers only as Z because she is a minor — was attending classes at the school after the courts delivered an injunction against the Ministry of Education, allowing her to go to school with her dreadlocks intact.

When the school closed this spring because of the coronavirus pandemic, the girl was home-schooled.

“I am more than surprised. It is most unfortunate,” Buchanan said. “It is a most unfortunate day for Black people and for Rastafarian people in Jamaica.”

The girl’s father called the ruling another sign of “systemic racism.”

“A child was refused because of her Black hair, you know?” said Dale Virgo. “It’s so weird that right now in the current climate of the world, in 2020, we are having protests, and Black people are fed up.

“This is an opportunity the Jamaican government and the legal system had to right these wrongs and lead the world and make a change,” he continued. “But they have decided to keep the same system.”

The judgment was delivered in a small courtroom populated mainly by lawyers and the girl’s parents.

The minister of education, Karl Samuda, declined to comment on the ruling, which came on the eve of Emancipation Day, celebrated in Jamaica and elsewhere to mark the end of slavery in the British Empire.

“I’m very cautious about where I tread,” he said, “especially on a sensitive enough subject like that.”

Verene Shepherd, director of the Center for Reparation Research at the University of the West Indies, said the Ministry of Education is debating issues of student clothing and hairstyles, including dreadlocks.

The Virgos say they do not identify as Rastafarian, but they say that wearing dreadlocks is an expression of their identity. All Virgo family members wear that natural hairstyle, as do many Jamaicans who identify as Rastafarian.

Though Rastafarians account for only about 2 percent of Jamaica’s population, the movement has an outsize influence in the culture. Made popular by perhaps the world’s most famous Rastafarian, Bob Marley, it is a political and religious movement that was founded in the 1930s, drawing from African, Revivalist and Christian traditions.

Despite its popularity, Rastafarians, and people who wear natural hair, still face discrimination in Jamaica.

Some schools, including Kensington Primary, explicitly state that dreadlocks are not allowed, and other schools have banned students who refuse to cut them. In the wake of the challenge, the Ministry of Education issued guidelines for hairstyles, including a directive that if children wear dreadlocks, they must be “neat.”

“In general, I think that discrimination on the grounds of hairstyle is wrong,” Shepherd said. “I do not think our children who are Rastafari and who express their culture through their hair should be discriminated against.”

Football / Re: CONCACAF News Thread
« on: July 06, 2020, 11:48:41 AM »
Ex-CONCACAF President Alfredo Hawit Sentenced To Time Served

AP Sports Writer

Jun. 29, 2020 6:44 PM EDT

NEW YORK (AP) — The former president of soccer’s governing body for North and Central America and the Caribbean was sentenced to time served for his role in accepting $1.66 million in bribes in the FIFA scandals and will return to Honduras after 4 1/2 years in the U.S.

Alfredo Hawit of Honduras, CONCACAF’s president from May 27, 2015, until Dec. 4, 2015, was given the sentence Monday by U.S. District Judge Pamela K. Chen in Brooklyn during a video hearing.

The 68-year-old Hawit also was sentenced to two years of supervised release and barred during that time from holding a title in FIFA, CONCACAF or any professional soccer organization. Chen deferred a ruling on restitution for 90 days, said forfeiture will be $950,000 and said he must pay $400 in special assessments.

“I do take responsibility and I have changed considerably. I want to ask forgiveness for all those things I did back then,” Hawit said through a translator.

“There are no words to express how sorry I am,” he said in a written statement read by the translator to the court. “I also regret all the harm I did to soccer, which is the sport that I love. ... From the day of my arrest in Zurich and the time that I spent in jail and 4 1/2 years so far, I’ve suffered. I’ve felt humiliated and shamed by my behavior, and I’m paying the price.”

Hawit, a lawyer, teacher and former professional soccer player, will be deported when the coronavirus pandemic eases and Honduras reopens its border. Prosecutors said his family is working with the Honduran consulate to arrange transport, and Chen recommended that U.S. Immigration and Customs Enforcement allow him to self-deport.

Hawit pleaded guilty on April 11, 2016, to two counts of wire fraud conspiracy and one count each of racketeering conspiracy and conspiracy to obstruct justice. Each count carried a possible sentence of up to 20 years.

His sentence showed the impact of a guilty plea early in the case rather than risk a guilty verdict at trial. Former South American governing body president Juan Ángel Napout is serving a nine-year sentence following his conviction and former Brazil federation president José Maria Marin was sentenced to four years after his conviction. Marin was given compassionate release about eight months early in April, shortly before his 88th birthday.

Chen said Hawit tried to conceal bribes and even used the name of his wife, a superior court judge in Honduras. He also tried to cover up the payments by directing co-conspirators to create a sham contract.

“The government’s investigation and prosecution in this case has rightfully served as a wake-up call to the entire professional soccer world and to all of its associations that business cannot be conducted in this manner,” Chen said.

She said Hawit did not warrant additional jail time, given that he voluntarily accepted extradition, spent two months incarcerated and about four years under house arrest, and he expressed remorse.

“While it is clear that Mr. Hawit faltered badly by agreeing for a number of years to take bribes of a significant amount on multiple occasions and covering that up through elaborate schemes," Chen said, "he did recover after being caught and has since tried to make amends.”

Hawit became CONCACAF’s president after Jeffrey Webb was arrested while attending a FIFA meeting in Zurich, but Hawit was arrested in Switzerland on Dec. 3, 2015. He was extradited to the U.S. the following Jan. 13 and released on bond that Feb. 2.

He was banned for life by FIFA on Dec. 19, 2016, after the adjudicatory chamber of its independent ethics committee found him guilty of violating FIFA's code of ethics provisions on general rules of conduct; loyalty; duty of disclosure, cooperation and reporting; conflicts of interest; and bribery and corruption.

Hawit admitted in court to accepting bribes for awarding media rights contracts for World Cup qualifying in Central America and for CONCACAF events, and to attempting to influence testimony in the U.S. investigation during July 2015.

“We do believe that once Mr. Hawit was arrested and waived extradition and came to the country, that he has fully accepted responsibility for his actions,” Assistant U.S. Attorney Keith D. Edelman said.

Eight remaining counts against Hawit were dismissed Monday.

Football / Re: 1965: Trinidad wins first WC qualifier.
« on: July 06, 2020, 11:25:13 AM »
Very cool

This was the lineup reported by Reuters


PORT OF SPAIN, Trinidad, Feb. 5 (Reuters):

TRINIDAD'S World Cup Football team for their, group 2 North and Central American Zone tie with Surinam here on Sunday will be chosen from:

Lincoln Phillips, Aldwyn Ferguson, Tyrone Delabastide, Clem Clarke, Sedley Joseph (captain), Ken Furlonge, Andy Leong, Jeff Gellineau, Pat Small, Alvin Corneal, Trevor Leacock, Victor Gamaldo, and Bobby Sookram.

The differences with that listed in the video notes are: Gerry Brown, Doyle Griffith and no Trevor Leacock.   

Football / Re: Former T&T captain Sedley supports foreign coach.
« on: June 08, 2020, 05:28:50 PM »
past articles about him:

1963 Maple

1963 FA Champions
Back Row: Ronnie Woods, Dick Rodriguez, Sedley Joseph, Lincoln Phillips, Kelvin Hoford, Eddie Aleong
Front Row: Andy Aleong, Alvin Corneal, David McDeegan, Joey Donaldson, Rawle Boland.

What about Track & Field / Re: 2020 Olympic Games in Tokyo Thread.
« on: April 13, 2020, 11:16:47 AM »
Athletes completing bans get unexpected chance at Olympics

BRUSSELS, Belgium (AP) — Athletes completing doping bans over the next year will be eligible to compete in the postponed Tokyo Olympics, an unintended effect of the coronavirus pandemic that has some crying foul.

Turkish runner Gamze Bulut, for example, will now have plenty of time to qualify for a games she likely would have missed had they gone ahead as scheduled.

“It doesn’t seem like a fair punishment,” Irish race walker Brendan Boyce told The Associated Press in a phone interview. “They haven’t really missed the events they were supposed to miss.”

The 2020 Olympics were officially postponed last month for one year, with the opening ceremony now set for July 23, 2021.

Bulut originally won silver in the 1,500 meters at the 2012 London Olympics but was stripped of her medal because of irregularities in her biological passport, which monitors an athlete’s blood profile. She was given a four-year ban that began in 2016 and expires on May 29 — giving her an unexpected full year to qualify for Tokyo.

“I’m trying my best to (attend) the Olympics,” the 27-year-old runner said. “I hope I can join.”

The Athletics Integrity Unit estimates that about 40 of the 200 or so banned track and field athletes who stand to gain from the Olympic postponement are international-level competitors. The AIU maintains a global list of track athletes banned for doping violations.

More than 11,000 athletes are expected to compete in 33 sports in Tokyo, with about 2,000 of them in track and field.

Boyce, a two-time Olympian who has qualified for Tokyo, said restrictions on the number of competitors could make it harder for clean athletes to earn places.

“I wouldn’t be too happy now if I lost an Olympic spot because of an anomaly like what’s going on at the minute,” Boyce said.

The Irishman protested on social media but stopped short of filing any formal complaints. British long-distance runner and Tokyo hopeful Lily Partridge agreed.

“I don’t believe in second chances with regards to serious doping offenses unless you provide serious assistance to anti-doping authorities and even then I don’t believe you should have the privilege of being able to compete and earn money from the sport,” Partridge told the AP.

However, World Anti-Doping Agency President Witold Banka said the unforeseen health crisis doesn’t mean authorities can “cherry-pick” when athletes have completed their bans.

“While an athlete cannot choose when he or she would like to be ineligible, an (anti-doping organization) cannot either,” Banka said. “This is entirely consistent with principles of natural justice and other areas of the law as it relates to sports or even criminal activity. When an offender has done the time, the sentence is considered to be served.”

Sebastian Coe, the Olympic great who is now president of World Athletics, was less definitive in comments shortly after the games were postponed.

“This is something we will need to look at,” Coe said. “I know it’s something the Athletics Integrity Unit, and I’m sure all the other agencies out there in concert with our sports, will need to think about, and that will just be another issue in an overflowing inbox at the moment.”

Athletes who have already qualified for Tokyo have been assured that they’ll keep their spots as future qualification decisions unfold.

Among notable athletes due to come off doping bans are Polish weightlifter Tomasz Zielinski and Irish boxer Michael O’Reilly. Neither returned messages seeking comment.

Boyce, the race walker, said it would be difficult for an Irish athlete to compete after a doping ban.

“Having a doping ban in Ireland is much more than serving time away from your sport,” he said. “It’s really crippling for your life because you’re basically seen as a criminal. It’s a form of fraud. In other countries, you see some athletes who are on doping bans just training normally and they’re just waiting to come back and nobody in that country seems to be too bothered.”

The full documentary is $4.99 on Amazon

Entertainment & Culture Discussion / Whomst Among Us Let the Dogs Out?
« on: March 06, 2020, 08:25:02 PM »
Whomst Among Us Let the Dogs Out?

Episode 389 of the 99% Invisible Podcast, takes a deep dive to establish the origins of Baha Men's year 2000 smash hit 'Who Let the Dogs Out':

Enlisting the help of Ben Sisto, whose decade long search to uncover the song's origins resulted in a 2019 documentary of the same name, the show traces the DNA of the hit song, shining a light on various songs to have included the iconic phrase. Watch a trailer for Sisto's film below:


Football / Re: The In Memory Of Thread
« on: November 01, 2019, 07:37:28 PM »
Gerald Figeroux
Dave Lamy

"The Trinidad and Tobago Football Association extends deepest sympathy to the families of former Trinidad and Tobago 1973 player Gerald Figeroux and veteran distinguished sportscaster Dave Lamy.

Gerald's funeral was today while Dave sadly passed earlier today at age 80."

Billy Mo was born on February 22, 1923 in Trinidad as Peter Mico Joachim. He was an actor, known for Übermut im Salzkammergut (1963), Schlagerparade 1961 (1961) and Die Nacht vor der Premiere (1959). He was married to Sylvia Hartjenstein and Margot Miranda. He died on July 16, 2004 in Hannover, Germany.


<a href="https://www.youtube.com/v/X9FgN2jWarA" target="_blank" class="new_win">https://www.youtube.com/v/X9FgN2jWarA</a>

Football / Re: Thread for T&T vs USA Game (22-June-2019)
« on: June 22, 2019, 07:36:55 PM »

So sad. Rest in peace.

Football / Re: 2018 World Cup Thread
« on: July 08, 2018, 10:25:15 AM »
Look like people going with France or England https://tinyurl.com/yalg8dgv
It was ah tongue in cheek jab, but most of dem fellas coulda play for dey parents birth land if so motivated so....

Sent from my BLU STUDIO C 8+8 using Tapatalk

France was a finalist in my original bracket vs Germany. So France is it for me, though any of these teams could do it. A new winner would be great, too.

Football / Re: The International Friendlies Thread
« on: June 02, 2018, 01:17:03 PM »
Austria managed a nice sequence on their 2nd goal after Germany switched off for a second

What about Track & Field / Usain Bolt loses an Olympic gold medal
« on: June 01, 2018, 11:25:10 AM »
Usain Bolt loses an Olympic gold medal as Jamaica teammate ruled to have been doping
by Des Bieler (The Washington Post)

May 31, 2018

Usain Bolt is no longer perfect in his three trips to the Olympics, and he'll have to settle for a haul of just eight gold medals. The sprinting superstar, who retired in August, lost a piece of glory from the Games when an international sports tribunal upheld a ruling Thursday that a Jamaica teammate was doping during the men's 4×100 relay race at the 2008 Olympics in Beijing.

Nesta Carter had run the first leg of that race, with Bolt going third in an effort that not only got Jamaica a gold medal but set a world record. However, in an effort to prevent dopers from competing at the 2016 Games in Rio de Janeiro, the International Olympic Committee had dozens of athletes' samples from the 2008 and 2012 Games retested, using improved methods, and Carter was found to have had traces of a banned stimulant in his system.

The Court of Arbitration for Sport, based in Lausanne, Switzerland, dismissed Carter's appeal Thursday, which disqualifies the entire 2008 Jamaican relay team, including Asafa Powell and Michael Frater. In a statement, the CAS said that a three-member panel, composed of officials from Israel, Italy and the United Kingdom, "concluded that the reanalysis of Nesta Carter's sample collected following the race at the Beijing 2008 Olympic Games confirmed the presence of methylhexaneamine."

The panel "could not accept any of the arguments raised by Nesta Carter contending that the test results should be ignored or the IOC DP decision should otherwise be overturned for certain alleged failures," the CAS said.

"The rules are the rules but at the end of the day the joy of winning that relay gold Medal in Beijing 2008 with my teammates will last forever," Bolt wrote on social media Thursday, posting a photo of himself with the other three.

Thus the Olympic record books will not show that Bolt went nine for nine in the 100 meters, 200 meters and 4×100 relay over the 2008, 2012 and 2016 Games. That, of course, won't do much to sully his reputation as the greatest sprinter, and arguably the greatest track and field athlete, of all time, particularly given his dominance in the individual events.

Bolt holds world records in all three of those events, setting the marks in the 100 (9.58) and 200 (19.19) in 2009, while his Jamaican squad - including Carter - posted a time of 36.84 at the 2012 Olympics. The 31-year-old also holds the record in the 150 meters (14.35), although that distance is not formally recognized by track's governing body, International Association of Athletics Federations.

In addition to offering an upbeat comment Thursday on the lost gold medal, Bolt took to social media to celebrate the 10th anniversary of the first time he set the record in the 100. He would go on to better that mark 10 weeks later with a time of 9.69 at the 2008 Olympics before running his 9.58 the following year at the world championships in Berlin.

With the disqualification of Bolt's Jamaica team, 2008 Olympic gold medals in the men's 4×100 will go to Trinidad and Tobago, which finished second on the track in Beijing, with Japan getting silver medals and Brazil moving up to bronze.

TT relay to get Olympic gold after JA’s Carter loses appeal
by Andrew Gioanetti (T&T Newsday)

TT’s 4x100m team will receive gold medals a decade after the Beijing Olympics after the Court of Arbitration for Sport (CAS) yesterday dismissed Nesta Carter’s appeal against the ruling to strip Jamaica of its relay title.

Carter appealed the CAS decision in February after testing positive for methylhexaneamine, a banned stimulant, in 2016, eight years after the sample was collected.

Marc Burns, Keston Bledman, Richard Thompson, Emmanuel Callender and Aaron Armstrong were on the TT relay team that was initially awarded silver after clocking 38.06 seconds. With the ruling, Japan and Brazil were confirmed as the silver and bronze medal winners, respectively.

The result of the decision also meant Michael Frater and Asafa Powell lost their gold medals along with Bolt, who can no longer lay claim to a historic gold medal three-peat (100, 200 and 4x100m) at three consecutive Olympic games (2008-2016).

The CAS judgment noted: “We (do) not accept any of the arguments raised by Nesta Carter contending that the test results should be ignored or that the decision should otherwise be overturned for certain alleged failures.”

It continued: “Accordingly, the CAS panel dismissed the appeal and the decision is confirmed.”

Carter was also part of the Jamaica 4x100m team that beat TT for gold at the 2012 London Olympics, as well as the 4x100 relay teams that won gold at the World Championships in 2011, 2013 and 2015.

The news was both expected and welcomed by the TT team.

Speaking with Newsday yesterday, Burns said while receiving the gold medals in 2008 would have been more impactive, he and his team-mates can celebrate their positions among the world’s elite runners.

“At that time Trinidad and Tobago’s achievement would have been more monumental with the medal haul… and (my) team-mates could have benefited financially with the gold medal,” the 35-year-old said.

“But, the fact still remains with this confirmation, the team will be part of an elite fraternity of Olympic gold medallists, and that title cannot be taken from us.” Burns sympathised with Bolt and the other Jamaican athletes who were penalised for Carter’s actions. “(However) it is still disheartening for clean athletes to lose out when we try do things the right way,” he said.

“Bolt’s legacy has already been cemented as one of the greatest athletes to ever grace the sport of track and field and his achievements will remain for generations to come.”

Newsday also spoke with TT Olympic Committee (TTOC) president Brian Lewis who said the local governing body will wait until it receives official correspondence from the International Olympic Committee (IOC) before making a full statement. Pending this communication, Lewis said “it’s (still) one of those moments where it’s not an overwhelming sense of jubilation or triumph” given the time lapse and the repercussions for the Jamaican athletes.

“It will always be a bitter sweet scenario because we are one Caribbean people,” he said. Lewis lauded the IOC for its “determination to address the issue of doping in sport.”

“The T&T Olympic Committee, which is in fact the de facto national anti-doping organisation at this point in time, remains firmly committed to clean sport and clean athletes,” said Lewis.

Football / Re: Howard University Thread
« on: May 29, 2018, 01:35:55 PM »
If you haven't seen this--I just looked it up myself--here's a link:


Howard’s 1971 title was cruelly snatched away from them, but they had their day, as Phillips had his, in 1974 when they again won the NCAA Division I trophy, this time for keeps. The thrills and emotions of that memorable triumph are depicted in the ESPN Films Spike Lee Lil Joint documentary, Redemption Song. And surely Aqui played a big part in the events leading to that belated celebration.

What about Track & Field / Re: The Mikel Thomas Thread
« on: May 04, 2018, 05:39:03 PM »
Mikel Thomas and autonomous drones by Skydio

<a href="https://www.youtube.com/v/YJMQq6VPJVo" target="_blank" class="new_win">https://www.youtube.com/v/YJMQq6VPJVo</a>

(They're hiring btw https://angel.co/skydio/jobs)

Entertainment & Culture Discussion / Re: Photo of the day
« on: April 07, 2018, 10:41:43 PM »
Not sure if this is HCS or another stadium, but it is in T&T

Photographer is my friend John Simmons, ASC. (He was the Director of Photography on the Rosanne reboot among other stuff) He has an exhibit opening Apr 12 in LA at the http://www.theperfectexposuregallery.com

more stuff here http://itstartedinthe60s.com/

Football / Re: 2017 Joann Charles Holiday Food Drive
« on: December 12, 2017, 06:09:53 PM »
Just added something

Football / Re: U.S. World Cup hopes end after shambolic loss to T&T.
« on: October 13, 2017, 03:20:19 PM »
nice video for some Schadenfreude

<a href="https://www.youtube.com/v/IlaGCUzubQM" target="_blank" class="new_win">https://www.youtube.com/v/IlaGCUzubQM</a>

more from espn and Hislop

<a href="https://www.youtube.com/v/V8nEsLB6g9o" target="_blank" class="new_win">https://www.youtube.com/v/V8nEsLB6g9o</a>

Football / Re: U.S. World Cup hopes end after shambolic loss to T&T.
« on: October 11, 2017, 01:42:19 PM »
Omar 'OG' 'Own Goal' Gonzalez   :devil:

Football / Re: U.S. World Cup hopes end after shambolic loss to T&T.
« on: October 11, 2017, 10:25:05 AM »

Football / Re: Thread for the T&T vs USA Game (10-Oct-2017)
« on: October 10, 2017, 08:35:22 PM »
Oh before I forget, Thanks Jurgen Klinsmann!!   ;D ;D

I was at the 6-0 drubbing of Honduras here in San Jose when Arena took over. Thought they would turn it around after that result. But seems that game was the anomaly

Football / Re: Thread for the T&T vs USA Game (10-Oct-2017)
« on: October 10, 2017, 08:19:36 PM »
Lawrence all over again
<a href="https://www.youtube.com/v/FgKzNLvSQSE" target="_blank" class="new_win">https://www.youtube.com/v/FgKzNLvSQSE</a>

Football / Re: Thread for the T&T vs USA Game (10-Oct-2017)
« on: October 10, 2017, 08:08:04 PM »
Just wish T&T would have been in the same position as Honduras and Panama to leapfrog the US. The DJW TTFA still needs cleaning up

Football / Re: Thread for the T&T vs USA Game (10-Oct-2017)
« on: October 10, 2017, 07:55:37 PM »
USA.. Out. 89 revenge sweet like we make Russia :beermug:

The ghost of 1990 has been exorcised.  :cheers: :cheers:


Football / Re: Thread for the T&T vs USA Game (10-Oct-2017)
« on: October 10, 2017, 07:54:28 PM »
Besler reverts to Rugby or American Football

Football / Re: Thread for the T&T vs USA Game (10-Oct-2017)
« on: October 10, 2017, 07:51:25 PM »
Panama is leading. US is out if this stands

Football / Re: Thread for the T&T vs USA Game (10-Oct-2017)
« on: October 10, 2017, 07:46:43 PM »
Another crucial save

Football / Re: Thread for the T&T vs USA Game (10-Oct-2017)
« on: October 10, 2017, 07:27:35 PM »
f'in save !

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